By Richard Harwood
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Additional info for A close encounter : the marine landing on Tinian
Cates. Marine Corps Historical Collection B-29s were hitting the Japanese main- land. Over the next year, according to numbers supplied by the Air Force to historian Carl Hoffman, the B-29s flew 29,000 missions out of the Mananas, dropped 157,000 tons of explo- sives which, by Japanese estimates killed 260,000 people, left 9,200,000 homeless, and demolished or burned 2,210,000 homes. Tinian's place in the history of warfare was insured by the flight of EnoIa Gay on 6 August 1945. It dropped 31 a nuclear weapon on Hiroshima.
Johnston records the reaction when news of the surrender reached the division at its base on Saipan: They looked at Tinian's clean and rocky coast, at the coral boulders where they had gone ashore, and they thought of the forbidding coasts of Japan — the coasts that awaited them in the fall. "That Tinian was a pretty good investment, I guess;' one Marine finally said. The anecdote may be apocryphal. The sentiment is historically true. Marine Corps Combat Art Collection "Japanese Backyard in Tinian Town," by Gail Zumwalt The hand salute in its various forms is rendered by those the extreme right is VAdm Richmond K.
Department of Defense Photo (USMC) 94660 28 about 50 percent children. Many of them were in bad shape — hungry, wounded, ill and with few possessions be- yond the clothes they were wearing. It was estimated that about 4,000 civilians were killed in the bombard- ments of Tinian and in fighting on the island. On Saipan, Marines had been helpless to prevent mass suicides among the civilian population. They were more successful at Tinian. Un- fortunate incidents occurred— civilians, for example, dying under Marine fire after wandering into the lines at night.
A close encounter : the marine landing on Tinian by Richard Harwood