By Mira Ariel
Having access to Noun-Phrase Antecedents deals an intensive shift within the research of discourse anaphora, from a basically pragmatic account to a cognitive account, when it comes to processing systems. Mira Ariel defines referring expressions as markers signalling the measure of Accessibility in reminiscence of the antecedent. The idea of Accessibility is explicitly outlined, the an important components being the Salience of the antecedent, and the harmony among the antecedent and the anaphor.
This research yields an magnificent array of recent effects. the fitting distribution of referring expressions in genuine discourse is without delay expected. numerous universals of anaphoric family members are said. hence, even supposing now not all languages inevitably have a similar markers, and nor do they assign them exactly the related functionality, Ariel exhibits that all of them obey a similar Accessibility marking hierarchy.
This e-book should be obligatory examining for somebody with an curiosity within the semantics and pragmatics of referring expressions, within the interplay of semantics and pragmatics, and extra typically within the interplay among peripheral and primary cognitive structures.
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Extra info for Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents
B Dim light from the small brass lamp cast shadows on the walls. c In one corner of the room was an upholstered chair. Introduction Target: d The rug / lamp / chair appeared to be an antique. Subjects read the first three context sentences, and then they were shown one version of the target sentence. I emphasized the antecedents (which was not done in the original experiment, of course) in order to show the different distances separating each anaphor from its antecedent. Since the gap in response time between two and three sentences away was found to be small, but the one between one and two sentences large, Clark and Sengul concluded ‘that independent of other factors, the last clause processed grants the entities it mentions a privileged place in working memory.
30 Part I Discourse references We have argued in the Introduction that context retrievals are in general sensitive to degrees of Accessibility of mental representa tions, rather than to the sources which introduce or justify the entertainment of these entities. Part I will provide a more detailed analysis of various referring expressions, which, it will be claimed, mark different degrees of Accessibility. We begin with Low Accessibility Markers (Chapter 1), to be followed by Intermediate Accessibility Markers (Chapter 2), and High Accessibility Markers (Chapter 3).
Haaretz, 14 May 1985) Low Accessibility referring expressions b i ha + sofer ha +yehudi ha + mizrax-germani, The writer the Jewish the East-German, stefan haym. Stephan Heim. (The East-German Jewish writer, Stephan Heim . ) ii haym . . Heim . . iii . . sifro . . . his-book . . (Haaretz, 14 May 1985) A statistical examination of the same three texts mentioned above indicates clearly that proper names differ in degrees of Accessibility, such that full names are lowest, and first names are highest.
Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents by Mira Ariel