By Katja Hetterle
This research investigates adverbial clauses from a cross-linguistic standpoint. in response to different contemporary typological examine within the context of advanced sentences and clause-linkage, it proceeds from an in depth, multivariate research of the morphosyntactic features of the phenomenon lower than scrutiny.
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Additional resources for Adverbial Clauses in Cross-Linguistic Perspective
Indeed, in recent years, there has been a far-reaching appreciation of and interest in the nature of linguistic diversity. , Whaley 1997, Croft 2003). As cross-linguistic samples have grown larger, exceptions to almost all proposed universals have been found. According to Evans and Levinson (2009: 438), statements that are true for all languages are not only very rare, but they are also usually either banal (cf. the alleged universal that all languages have vowels and consonants) or generally not agreed upon by specialists (cf.
8:Position of adverbial clauses Fig. 10:The Downgrading Hierarchy of Adverbial Relations (14 relations) Fig. 11:A downgrading hierarchy of postposed and flexible adverbial clauses Fig. 12:A downgrading hierarchy of preposed adverbial clauses Fig. 13:Degrees of downgrading of preposed versus postposed/flexible adverbial clauses Fig. 15:Scale of proportions of monofunctional and multifunctional adverbial linkers Fig. 16:Semantic map of indefinite pronouns (Haspelmath 1997: 4) Fig. 17:An MDS map of adverbial relations Fig.
Specifically, two criteria must be met. First, measuring diversity requires the analysis of small-scaled descriptive variables that are inductively developed during the process of data collection (Bickel & Nichols 2002, Bickel 2007, 2010a, Schackow et al. 2012, or Witzlack-Makarevich 2011 for an application to the typology of grammatical relations). Coarse-grained structural categories and variables, like “agglutinative”, “subordinate”, or “finite”, are no longer used because they are not universally applicable and because they do not allow for a precise description of the full range of linguistic variation (cf.
Adverbial Clauses in Cross-Linguistic Perspective by Katja Hetterle