By Andrews Reath
Andrews Reath provides a variety of his most sensible essays on a variety of good points of Kant's ethical psychology and ethical idea, with specific emphasis on his notion of rational corporation and his perception of autonomy. jointly the essays articulate Reath's unique method of Kant's perspectives approximately human autonomy, and is the reason Kant's trust that goal ethical specifications are in keeping with ideas we decide for ourselves. With new papers, and revised types of a number of others, the quantity can be of significant curiosity to all scholars and students of Kant and of ethical philosophy.
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Extra resources for Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays
An interpretation of this distinction must make sense of Kant’s claim that self-conceit goes beyond self-love and therefore cannot merely be limited by moral concerns, but must be ‘struck down’. Self-conceit involves a valuing of oneself that is based on ‘illusion’ 24 Chapter 1 (KpV 5: 75). To cite the full passage again: Now, however, we ﬁnd our nature as sensible beings so constituted that the matter of the faculty of desire . . ﬁrst forces itself upon us, and we ﬁnd our pathologically determinable self, even though it is quite unﬁt to give universal law through its maxims, nevertheless striving antecedently to make its claims primary and originally valid, just as if it constituted the entire self.
On Kant’s view, this procedure is initiated by citing the maxim of your action, which commits you to view it, at least initially, as a sufﬁcient explanation for what you did. The presumption is that someone who understands your maxim can at some level accept your way of acting. Such dialogue might have the structure of rudimentary universality arguments. Others might agree that if they were in the same situation, they might have done the same thing, or acted from your principle. This acknowledgement on their part might lead them to view your action as one that you had good reason to choose, and might bring them to some sort of understanding with you.
Thus, pre-theoretically we might distinguish actions in terms of their aims, or their motivating desires. We regard actions done for personal gain or reputation differently from those aimed at the good of another, and actions motivated by sympathy differently from those motivated by concern with one’s own needs. But Kant’s analysis is supposed to lead us to see these differences, while not unimportant, as having less overall weight than a feature shared by all—namely, that they are motivated by desires that arise contingently in individuals via various psychological mechanisms.
Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays by Andrews Reath