By Eric Chafe
Bach's cantatas are one of the optimum achievements of Western musical paintings, but stories of the person cantatas which are either illuminating and precise are few. during this booklet, famous Bach specialist Eric Chafe combines theological, ancient, analytical, and interpretive ways to the cantatas to provide readers and listeners alike the richest attainable adventure of those works. A revered theorist of seventeenth-century tune, Chafe is delicate to the composer's intentions and to the iconic and common characteristics of the tune itself.
Concentrating on a small variety of consultant cantatas, typically from the Leipzig cycles of 1723-24 and 1724-25, and specifically on Cantata seventy seven, Chafe exhibits how Bach strove to reflect either the dogma and the secret of non secular adventure in musical allegory. studying Bach Cantatas bargains important info at the theological relevance of the constitution of the liturgical yr for the layout and content material of those works, in addition to a survey of the theories of modality that tell Bach's compositional sort. Chafe demonstrates that, whereas Bach definitely hired "pictorialism" and word-painting in his compositions, his approach to writing song used to be a extra advanced amalgam of theological ideas and song concept. concerning the cantatas as musical allegories that replicate the elemental tenets of Lutheran theology as demonstrated in the course of Bach's lifetime, Chafe synthesizes a few key musical and theological principles to light up the fundamental personality of those nice works.
This specified and insightful booklet bargains an important method for realizing one of many significant our bodies of labor within the Western musical canon. it is going to end up essential for all scholars and students of Bach's paintings, musicology, and theological stories.
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Additional info for Analyzing Bach Cantatas
Jesus macht mein Ende gut" (Jesus shall be everything to me, Jesus shall remain my beginning,... 30 And on the following day (January 2,1724) Cantata 153, for the Sunday after the New Year, interpreted the flight of the Holy Family to Egypt (New Testament) as a reenactment of the captivity of Israel in Egypt (Old Testament), a figure of the believer's spiritual tribulation in the present (the "Agypten dieser Welt" of "Wachet! , the analogy of faith). What, I hope, this all-too-brief summary of the turning of the year in 1723 - 24 makes clear is that Bach's cantatas often bring out cyclic elements within the seasons of the liturgical year, mirroring its parallels and antitheses in a variety of ways that may differ from work to work and year to year, but that will usually be clearly discernible in their texts, movement layouts, key sequences, and the like.
The Temporale is, of course, the oldest part of the liturgy, Easter and the so-called "great fifty days" between Easter and Pentecost having been established in early Christian times as the original liturgical cycle, with the cycle of Christmas and Epiphany following not long afterward. Trinity and the Trinity season, on the other hand, emerged only in the later Middle Ages. As a result the different characters of the two halves of the year reflect to a considerable extent the two contrasted views of the atonement that dominated, respectively, the period of the early church and the Greek Fathers and the era of the Latin scholastic writers from the eleventh century on.
1-9), followed by chorales for Easter (nos. 10-13), Ascension Day (no. 14), Pentecost (nos. 15-16), and Trinity Sunday (nos. 17-18), then uses a chorale for the feast day of John the Baptist (June 24) as a pivot to the sacra- The Hermeneutic Matrix 13 ment of Baptism (no. 19), which then becomes the beginning of a catechism sequence (nos. 20-24 comprise chorales on the Nicene Creed, the Lord's Prayer, the Ten Commandments, and the communion, respectively). 21 In Bach's work this quality can be seen most clearly in the Orgelbuchlein, which was planned as a large collection of organ chorale preludes for the entire year.
Analyzing Bach Cantatas by Eric Chafe