By Mhairi A. Gibson, David W. Lawson
As a species, we're presently experiencing dramatic shifts in our way of life, family members constitution, health and wellbeing, and worldwide touch. Evolutionary Anthropology presents a robust theoretical framework to review such alterations, revealing how present environments and legacies of prior choice form human range. This e-book is the 1st significant assessment of the rising box of utilized Evolutionary Anthropology bringing jointly the paintings of a global crew of evolutionary scientists, addressing some of the significant public well-being and social problems with this century. via a chain of case stories that span either rural and concrete events in Africa, Asia, Europe and South the US, each one bankruptcy addresses issues similar to average source administration, wellbeing and fitness carrier supply, inhabitants progress and the emergence of latest kin constructions, nutritional, and co-operative behaviours. The examine awarded identifies the nice, principally untapped, strength that utilized Evolutionary Anthropology holds to lead the layout, implementation and assessment of potent social and public future health coverage. This e-book can be of curiosity to policy-makers and utilized researchers, in addition to teachers and scholars around the organic and social sciences.
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Additional info for Applied Evolutionary Anthropology: Darwinian Approaches to Contemporary World Issues
Do risk and time experimental choices represent individual strategies for coping with poverty or conformity to social norms? Evidence from rural southwestern Madagascar. Current Anthropology, 53(2), 149–180. Tybur, J. , Miller, G. , & Gangestad, S. W. (2007). Testing the controversy: An empirical examination of adaptationists’ attitudes towards politics and science. Human Nature, 18, 323– 328. , & Morgenstern, O. (1944). Theory of games and economic behavior. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
On paper, the primary objective was to provide hybrid maize, wheat, and rice varieties that provided greater outputs with less investment of labor (de Gregori 2004). In practice, these hybrid grains came as part of a package that included intensive farming techniques like plow agriculture and monocropping, encouragement to use chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides, and a business plan, sometimes including actual business training, for the marketing of cash crops (Cleaver 1972; Wade 1974).
Experiments are abstract exercises; they are purposefully so, to control for as many external variables as possible. Yet, this introduces questions of external validity (Does the experiment predict real life? Smith 2005); and internal validity (Do all subjects respond to experiments similarly, or is some of the variation in game play due to variation in understanding of what the game is about? Hagen and Hammerstein 2006). Ethnographic tests of both external validity (Gurven and Winking 2008; Wiessner 2009) and internal validity (Gerkey 2013) cast some doubt on both.
Applied Evolutionary Anthropology: Darwinian Approaches to Contemporary World Issues by Mhairi A. Gibson, David W. Lawson