Semantics

New PDF release: Assertion (Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and

By M. Jary

ISBN-10: 0230573991

ISBN-13: 9780230573994

Statement is a time period often utilized in linguistics and philosophy yet infrequently outlined. This in-depth examine surveys and synthesizes more than a few philosophical, linguistic and mental literature at the subject, after which offers an in depth account of the cognitive methods concerned about the translation of assertions.

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Extra resources for Assertion (Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and Cognition)

Example text

As we will see below, it is through these notions of commitments and entitlements that Brandom seeks to explain semantic relationships. 14 Assertions can be justified in three ways: by deferring to a previous asserter (who assumed the authority to pass on the commitment undertaken by the current asserter), by reporting reliable perceptual experience, or by giving reasons in the form of further assertions (1994: 172–4). The last of these is most pertinent to present concerns. In relation to reasons and reason-giving, Brandom draws an important distinction between perception, the act of assertion in particular and action in general.

20 Barker analyses assertion as follows. In uttering a declarative sentence, the speaker advertises the intention to assert. This is itself formed of two intentions, one representational and one communicative. The representational intention is to represent a state of affairs;21 the communicative intention is an intention to defend a commitment. A speaker defends a commitment, in Barker’s terms, if the hearer believes that the speaker has that commitment, and either accepts, confirms or rejects that commitment in his own case (2004: 8).

The consequences of accepting it. Here ‘consequences’ must be taken to include both the inferential powers of the statement and anything that counts as acting on the truth of the statement. (Dummett 1981: 453). The conditions under which you are justified in making an assertion are those which make the assertion true. The consequences are both practical and inferential. For example, if you assert that the beer is in the fridge, then you are committed to going to get the beer from the fridge if properly ordered to fetch it.

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Assertion (Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and Cognition) by M. Jary


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